ARGUS (gr. Árgos)
in Greek mythology (1) son of ➚ Zeus and ➚ Niobe (1) , brother of ➚ Pelasgus (1) , eponymous ➚ hero of the land and city of Argos , husband of Euadne, father of four sons, one of which – Criasus inherited Argus’ throne . Argus had a holy grove near the city named after him .
(2) Son of Agenor (or ➚ Inachus or ➚ Gaia ) great grandson of ➚ Argus (1). He had eyes spread around his whole body [6,7], thus he was called Panóptēs, i.e. “All-seeing” (according to another versions he had four or hundred eyes). Gifted with great strength, he defeated a bull ravaging Arcadia, avenged the death of ➚ Apis (1) and killed ➚ Echidna (I), whom he caught sleeping . Argus married Ismena who bore him a son Iasus, according to some versions father of ➚ Io  (sometimes Iasus was considered a great grandson of Argus (1) ). By the order of ➚ Hera Argus guarded his own granddaughter, who was transformed into a white cow. He tied her to an olive tree in Mycenaenian grove but Zeus instructed ➚ Hermes to free (kidnap) his lover. However, Argus prevented the first attempt after a man named Hierax revealed the god’s intentions. The divine messenger killed Argus with a stone, thus receiving agnomen Argeiphóntēs “Argus-killer” [5, 9]. According to another version Hermes first lulled Argus by playing a flute and telling a tale about a love of ➚ Pan to ➚ Syrinx. Eventually, Hera put eyes of her deceased servant at the peacock’s tail .
(3) Son of Phrixus (see PHRIXUS and HELLE) and Chalciope, brother of Melas, Phrontis and Cytisorus  with whom he grew up in Colchis, at his grandfather’s ➚ Aeetes. He traveled to Greece to plead for power after ➚ Atamas. His ship capsized though and the castaways were rescued by the ➚ Argonauts . Sometimes Argus was mentioned among the participants of the ➚ “Argo” expedition and was even considered a carpenter who, supervised by ➚ Athena, built the ship and named it after himself .
(4) Son of Arestor, one of the ➚ Argonauts and the builder of their ship ➚ “Argo”. According to another version Argus was the son of ➚ Jason, the favorite of ➚ Heracles, who built a ship and named it “Argo” in Argus’ honor .
 P a u s., II, 22, 5;  A p d., II, 1, 1;  A p d., II, 1, 2;  P a u s., III, 4, 1;  A p d., II, 1, 3;  A e s c h y l., Prom., 569 ff.;  E u r i p., Phoen., 1115;  P a u s., II, 16, 1;  Schol. Hom. Il., II, 103 et XXIV, 24;  O v i d., Met., I, 624 ff.;  A p d., I, 9, 1;  A p. R h o d., II, 1122 ff.;  A p d., I, 9, 16;  A p. R h o d., I, 324 f. et schol. ad I, 4;  P t o l. H e p h., 147 b.